ORPAS – University of Toronto
Note: This application guide contains information for fall 2021 admission.
University program information changes regularly. View the application for the most up-to-date details.
- Department of Speech-Language Pathology, Faculty of Medicine
- Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine
- Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine
Department of Speech‑Language Pathology
Faculty of Medicine
The Master of Health Science (MHSc) program prepares students for professional practice in speech‑language pathology. Academic and clinical experiences are integrated to provide the skills required for assessing and treating a wide variety of individuals with communication and swallowing disorders. The MHSc program can be completed only on a full‑time basis.
The Master of Science (MSc) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) are full‑time, research‑oriented programs that prepare students for advanced scientific work in the discipline. These research programs do not prepare students for a clinical career. For more information on how to apply to the MSc or PhD degree programs, contact the Rehabilitation Sciences Institute directly at 416-978-0300 or visit our How to Apply website.
Note: This application is for the MHSc clinical program only.
All requirements of the MHSc program must be successfully completed within 2 consecutive years. There is no thesis requirement, but students are required to complete a capstone portfolio at the end of the second year.
The innovative curriculum links academic coursework to relevant clinical placements so that theoretical learning is immediately consolidated by practical experience. The 22‑month curriculum is organized into 9 units (5 academic and 4 clinical), as follows:
- The first year consists of Units 1 to 5:
- Unit 1 (September – December) provides coursework in anatomy, speech science, audiology, child language and principles of clinical practice.
- Unit 2 (January – February) contains coursework related to developmental disorders, including language intervention, articulation and phonology, and fluency.
- Unit 3 (March – April) is an 8‑week clinical placement in developmental disorders.
- Unit 4 (May – June) covers augmentative and alternative communication, voice and aural rehabilitation.
- Unit 5 (July or August) is a 4‑week clinical placement in speech, language and/or hearing disorders.
- Entrance into the second year of the program is contingent upon successful completion of all first‑year courses and clinical placements. In the second year of the program, students complete Units 6 to 9, as follows:
- Unit 6 (September – December) includes coursework in neurogenic and structurally related disorders.
- Unit 7 (January – February) includes an 8‑week clinical placement in neurogenic and structurally related disorders.
- Unit 8 (March – April) includes advanced coursework in principles of clinical practice, research and clinical analysis of communication disorders and swallowing. A capstone portfolio requirement that documents achievements and competencies in academic and clinical areas is completed following this unit.
- Unit 9 (May – July) is a 10‑week clinical placement during which students assess and treat clients with a variety of communication disorders.
Students are required to:
- accept clinical placements anywhere they are assigned at a designated placement site;
- arrange their own travel and accommodation; and
- cover related expenses (budget approximately $3,000).
Students can expect that at least 1 clinical placement will take place outside of the Greater Toronto Area (Burlington to Barrie to Oshawa).
Important: By accepting an offer of admission to the MHSc program, students agree to accept placements as assigned. Clinical placements are final and may not be appealed. Although personal preferences are considered for clinical placements, individual placement requests cannot be guaranteed.
Overview of the Admission Process for the MHSc Program
The Department of Speech-Language Pathology will admit 60 students to the MHSc program for the 2021-2022 academic year.
Applications are reviewed by members of the Admissions and Awards Committee and are ranked relative to other applications. The following criteria are taken into consideration during the assessment of an applicant’s file:
- The strength of the applicant’s previous academic background:
- Previous academic performance and overall quality of previous academic work are considered, as demonstrated by indicators such as coursework, grades or marks, scholarships or awards obtained and academic letters of reference.
- No single academic background is considered best suited as preparation for the study of speech‑language pathology.
- The applicant’s potential for clinical practice, as determined by:
- the completion of a minimum of 14 hours of volunteer or work experience in a clinical setting under the supervision of a qualified speech‑language pathologist;
- the extent and quality of the clinical experience and the letter(s) of recommendation from the speech-language pathologist(s) and
- indicators of excellence in interpersonal skills, as demonstrated in academic and extracurricular activities.
Speech-Language Pathology Admission Requirements
Applicants must hold the equivalent of a 4‑year University of Toronto bachelor’s degree from an approved university (which includes 20 full-course equivalents, but does not necessarily need to be an honours degree) with at least a mid-“B” standing in the final year (or in the last 5 full-course equivalents).
For applicants with a 3‑year degree, additional coursework must be undertaken in accordance with the structure for a 4‑year degree at the University of Toronto, as outlined in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences Calendar.
Coursework should consist of 75% liberal arts/science content. All applicants are required to be either a Canadian citizen or permanent resident (landed immigrant) of Canada at the time of the application. International applicants are not accepted.
Important: The University of Toronto uses the ORPAS sub-grade point average (sub-GPA) to determine eligibility for the MHSc program, and the sub-GPA is part of the overall assessment process. The sub-GPA is calculated using the most recent 10 full-course equivalents. If an applicant is currently enrolled in the fourth year of a baccalaureate program, this calculation will start with the final fall grades (completed December 31) and will move back in chronological order, based on the transcript. Where grades must be extracted from a term to achieve the equivalent of 10 full courses, the weighted average of that year (e.g., the second year) will be used.
Applicants are also required to complete the stated prerequisite undergraduate university-level courses with a final grade of “B+” in each course in order to be considered for the MHSc program.
The prerequisite courses include:
- child development (0.5 full-course equivalent),
- elementary statistics (0.5 full-course equivalent),
- general linguistics (0.5 full-course equivalent),
- human physiology (1.0 full-course equivalent),
- phonetics (0.5 full-course equivalent) and
- research methods (0.5 full-course equivalent).
To determine whether a particular course meets a prerequisite requirement, consult the MHSc program website. If a course is listed on the website, then it has been approved and will satisfy the specified prerequisite course.
Note: Course offerings are subject to change and not all courses listed on the MHSc prerequisite section of the website are necessarily offered at any given time. It is the applicant’s responsibility to confirm course offerings with the institution of interest.
To claim a course as a prerequisite if that course is not listed on the MHSc prerequisite section of the website, applicants must obtain pre-approval from the department. Applicants are strongly encouraged to submit pre-approval requests well before the application deadline. Once approved, the course will be listed on the MHSc prerequisite section of the website. If a course is approved, but is not on the website at the time an application is submitted, applicants should include their receipt of approval with the application. For more information on this pre-approval process, email Student Affairs or phone 416-978-1794.
Important: It is the applicant’s responsibility to ensure that all prerequisite course requirements have been satisfied. If a course is not listed on the MHSc website as a suitable prerequisite and if pre-approval was not obtained and submitted with the application, the applicant may be disqualified from the admission process.
Note: Receipt of approval must be submitted with the application for each prerequisite course that is not listed on the website (see Prerequisite Courses for more details). Requests from applicants to verify courses after the application deadline has passed will not be accepted.
Claiming Prerequisites in the ORPAS Application
Using the ORPAS Prerequisite Form, applicants are required to submit a list of the courses taken to satisfy the prerequisites. Applicants should enter the courses in the order stated here (e.g., child development, elementary statistics, general linguistics, human physiology, phonetics and research methods). Further documentation beyond the ORPAS Prerequisite Form is not required if prerequisite courses are already listed as approved on the departmental website.
Note: Prerequisite courses should be completed within the last 10 years. Web‑based courses and summer courses may be used to fulfill prerequisite requirements.
For each prerequisite course that is claimed, include the following on the ORPAS Prerequisite Form:
- course title,
- complete course code (department and number),
- university at which the course was completed,
- date the course was completed,
- weight or credit value (e.g., .5 or 1 credit; 3 or 6 credits) of the course and
- final grade or mark for the course, if available.
- If a final grade or mark is not yet available, indicate “IP” (in progress) in the final grade section for courses currently being taken and “FP” (future/planned) in the final grades section for courses that are planned for the future.
Note: Final transcripts stating conferral of the bachelor’s degree and final grades for all prerequisite courses must be received by ORPAS no later than August 1, 2021.
Offers of admission are conditional until applicants have satisfied all requirements including, but not limited to, receipt of final transcripts indicating degree conferral with a minimum of a mid-“B” standing in the final year and a minimum of “B+” in each prerequisite course.
Important: Ensure that the ORPAS Prerequisite Form in the “Personal Submissions” section of the application is completed accurately. Only courses that are listed in this section of the application may be claimed toward the prerequisite requirements. Errors in documentation of prerequisite courses on this form may result in the disqualification of an applicant from the admission process.
Confidential Assessment Form
A minimum of 2 academic references are required. Once contact information for each referee is submitted using the application, select “Send Email” to email referees asking them to complete and submit the Confidential Assessment Form and a separate letter of reference that addresses the points listed on the Confidential Assessment Form. Letters should be written on university letterhead and signed by the referee, indicating the referee’s name, academic rank and telephone number or email address. Referees must be full‑time faculty members (normally with a rank of lecturer, assistant professor or higher).
Note: College instructors are not considered to be appropriate academic referees.
Important: The receipt of Confidential Assessment Forms and/or reference letters after the application deadline may impact the competitiveness of an application.
A minimum of 14 hours of experience supervised by a speech-language pathologist in a communication disorders setting in a volunteer, educational or paid capacity is required to apply to the MHSc program.
Relevant experience may be sought at any facility where services are supervised by a qualified speech‑language pathologist. A qualified speech‑language pathologist will hold registration, certification or licensure from a regulatory body or professional association and/or certification from Speech-Language and Audiology Canada.
The clinical experience should involve direct interaction with individuals with communicative or swallowing disorders. It might also include observation of speech‑language pathologists working with individuals with communicative or swallowing disorders or discussions with speech‑language pathologists about the profession.
Clinical Reference Form
A clinical reference from the primary supervisor of the speech‑language pathology clinical experience is required as part of the application package. Letters from program directors who were not directly involved in the supervision of the applicant and letters from communication disorder assistants are unacceptable.
Once contact information for the referee is submitted using the application, select “Send Email” to email the referee the request to complete and submit the Clinical Reference Form and letter of reference that addresses the points listed on the Clinical Reference Form. The letter should be written on letterhead and signed by the referee, indicating the referee’s name, position and telephone number or email address.
For applicants who have completed college diplomas or undergraduate degrees in communication disorders, the clinical coordinator may complete the Clinical Reference Form and accompanying letter.
Applicants who have completed more than 1 supervised clinical experience in a speech‑language pathology setting, and had an additional experience where the clientele differed in either population or age group from the first experience, are strongly encouraged to submit a Clinical Reference Form and letter for each site. All Clinical Reference Forms and letters will be considered during the admission process.
Important: Receiving Clinical Reference Forms and/or reference letters after the application deadline may impact the competitiveness of an application.
Statement of Intent
All applicants must complete a Statement of Intent, found in the “Personal Submissions” section of the application. There are 2 components to the Statement of Intent.
The first section should be a maximum of 3,000 characters and should address the following items, in particular the first 4:
- Outline reasons for choosing speech‑language pathology as a career.
- Highlight specific personal attributes that would be relevant for the profession.
- Emphasize academic and non‑academic accomplishments.
- Outline reasons for choosing the MHSc program in speech‑language pathology at the University of Toronto.
- Demonstrate current knowledge about the profession of speech‑language pathology.
Applicants may also wish to use this statement to explain irregularities in their application and to outline any research experiences.
The second section of the Statement of Intent is a summary of volunteer experiences and should list:
- volunteer experiences in the field of speech‑language pathology and/or audiology in point form, including start and end dates, total hours, clientele and the nature of activities in which the applicant participated and
- other relevant volunteer experiences, including start and end dates, total hours, clientele and activities.
Other Application Information
Education Outside of Canada
Applicants must be either Canadian citizens or permanent residents (landed immigrants) of Canada to apply. International students are not accepted.
For education completed outside of Canada, applicants must send ORPAS all official academic records, including an official transcript of any completed courses or diplomas that have been conferred. Official English translations, done by a certified translator, must also be submitted for all non‑English documentation.
Academic records must be received directly from the originating institutions to be considered official. Photocopies of these records may be used to process an application, but official documents are required before any firm offer of admission is made.
All applicants to the MHSc program must have excellent oral and written English skills. English-language proficiency is required for both the academic and the clinical aspects of the program.
Applicants whose first language is not English must demonstrate facility in the English language by completing 1 of the English proficiency tests listed on the School of Graduate Studies Website.
The Department of Speech‑Language Pathology strongly prefers that the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) be used to satisfy this requirement. With respect to the internet‑based version of the TOEFL, applicants must achieve a minimum overall score of 100/120, with a minimum of 22/30 in the Speaking section and a minimum of 22/30 in the Writing section. TOEFL candidates should use the institution code for the University of Toronto, which is 0982.
If it is impossible for an applicant to take the TOEFL, the department will accept the following test: The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) (minimum score of 8).
The program may include interviews for selected candidates as part of the application process. Additionally, when the submitted documentation requires clarification, applicants may be invited for an interview at the Department of Speech‑Language Pathology. The meeting provides the opportunity to explore in‑depth issues, such as spoken and written language ability and areas of academic performance or interpersonal communication skills.
Applicants who live outside of Toronto and are unable to attend a personal meeting may be invited to participate via teleconference or video conference.
MHSc program applicants are expected to be in a state of health that allows for full participation in the academic and clinical programs without posing a risk to oneself or others.
Applicants who have been offered admission to the program will be required to submit medical certification that confirms immunization against polio, diphtheria, tetanus, rubella, measles, mumps, chicken pox and Hepatitis B, as well as medical certification confirming a negative tuberculosis test result. Other vaccines may also be required. Additional details pertaining to immunizations will be sent to admitted students prior to the program start date.
- Tuberculosis certification must be by skin test or chest x‑ray.
- If a skin test yields a positive result, a follow‑up chest x‑ray is required and must be dated no earlier than 1 year prior to beginning the program. This must be repeated annually.
- In addition, many clinical sites require annual flu shots that can be obtained at no additional cost from the University of Toronto Health and Wellness Centre, community flu shot clinics or any doctor’s office in Ontario.
Police Record Checks
Many placements (e.g., school boards, social service sites) require Police Record Checks. If admitted, applicants are strongly encouraged to complete and pay for this service. Failure to obtain a satisfactory Police Record Check may result in an alternative or delayed placement that may also delay a student’s graduation date. More information will be provided at orientation.
The department reserves 1 place annually for an Indigenous applicant who satisfies all admission requirements, as outlined in this document and on the department website.
To apply under this category, contact the department directly before the application deadline to self-identify.
Department of Speech‑Language Pathology
Faculty of Medicine
University of Toronto
#160‑500 University Avenue
Toronto ON M5G 1V7
The department organizes several information sessions, given by faculty on the Admissions and Awards Committee, throughout the year for prospective students to learn more about the program, ask questions and meet current students. Applicants are strongly encouraged to attend one of these sessions. Do not directly contact any of the faculty or staff members in the department about admission procedures.
For more information, see the Department of Speech-Language Pathology.
Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine
The program of study in Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy at the University of Toronto is a Master of Science in Occupational Therapy (MScOT). The vision of the MScOT curricula is to create leaders in occupational therapy.
We are dedicated to creating graduates who are innovative professionals, lifelong learners and educators, essential contributors to health through occupation, and confident and competent scientist‑practitioners who demonstrate skills in, and commitment to, research.
The MScOT will prepare you in advanced academic and professional knowledge as well as applied research skills for leadership in occupational therapy practice. Our emphasis is on applying theory and research evidence to clinical practice through rigorous studies in occupational therapy and research production and utilization.
As a graduate of the program, you will be eligible to write the certification examination of the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists, a requirement for registration with the College of Occupational Therapists of Ontario and other professional regulatory colleges in Canada.
You may also be eligible to practice occupational therapy elsewhere by passing the licensing requirements specific to that state or country.
Successful applicants will:
- Enter the program in September with an appropriate bachelor’s degree with high academic standing from a recognized university.
- Complete all required courses of the MScOT degree in 24 consecutive months of full‑time study, including summers and fieldwork.
- Graduate at November (fall) convocation.
The curriculum is presented in 6 consecutive terms, with between 4-6 concurrent courses in each term. First‑year courses include:
- Foundations in Occupational Science
- Occupational Therapy Practice
- Assessment in Occupational Therapy
- Building Practice Through Mentorship
- Musculoskeletal Structure and Function
- Psychosocial, Neuro‑motor and Neuro‑cognitive Perspectives
- Technology and Occupational Therapy
As a second‑year student, you will engage in intensive research projects, fieldwork and 3 parallel courses in enabling occupation across childhood, adulthood and older adulthood, respectively, while continuing with Building Practice Through Mentorship.
We regularly review the curriculum and changes may occur during the program, which the Professional Curriculum Committee will communicate to students via the Office of the Chair.
During both years, you will participate in full‑time fieldwork placements. Methods of instruction will include interactive lectures, internet-based distant learning, divergent case method, skill labs, self‑study, computer‑assisted instruction and fieldwork.
MScOT Full-Time 24-Month Program Admission Requirements
We will admit 90 students to our St. George (Toronto) campus and 40 students to our Mississauga campus for September. If offered admission to the University of Toronto’s MScOT program, you will be assigned to either the Mississauga campus or the St. George (downtown Toronto) campus. You may apply at both the undergraduate and graduate level if you have permanent residency or hold Canadian citizenship. The specific admission requirements for entry to the program are outlined in this section.
Admission Entry (An Appropriate Undergraduate Bachelor’s Degree Completed or in Progress)
We are interested in students from a variety of educational backgrounds and life experiences. We are committed to equity and welcome diversity.
You need to be intelligent and committed, and must strive for excellence, as the program is intensive. We determine admission to the program through an evaluation of academic and non‑academic materials, with academic grades more heavily weighted.
We will not include graduate‑level courses, community college courses, activity courses, non‑convertible grades (including “Pass”) and Teacher Education degree courses. Refer to the ORPAS GPA Calculations section for a comprehensive explanation.
If you repeated a course, and both the original and repeated course are within the last 20 half courses, then ORPAS will include the grades from both courses in your GPA calculation.
Minimum Academic Requirements
- You must complete an appropriate bachelor’s degree, or its equivalent, from a recognized university, with a minimum mid‑“B” average in the final year (i.e., 5 full-course equivalents).
Note: The mid‑“B” average is a minimum requirement; a higher GPA, based on the last 10 full-course equivalents completed, will be required to be competitive in the admission process. The average entering GPA of successful applicants, based on the last 10 full-course equivalents completed, is expected to range from 3.70 to 3.80 on a 4-point scale.
- If you are currently enrolled in the final year of a bachelor’s degree program, you are also eligible to apply. You must provide proof of your completed undergraduate bachelor’s degree (i.e., degree conferral) by June 30, 2021.
- To determine initial ranking only, we will review the last 10 full-course equivalents completed at the university undergraduate level. This includes summer session and part‑time courses taken beyond completing a 4‑year undergraduate degree.
- If you are currently enrolled in the fourth year of a bachelor’s degree program, this calculation will start with your final fall grades (completed by December 31). Where grades must be extracted from an academic year to achieve the equivalent of 10 full courses, ORPAS will use the average of that year (e.g., your fall and winter terms, which comprise the entire second academic year).
- ORPAS uses the Undergraduate Grade Conversion Table to process your GPA. Review this table for details on the conversion scale used in this process. You must complete at least 10 full-course equivalents (or 20 half-course equivalents) at a recognized university for your application to be considered.
- Transfer credits from the provincial college level that have not been assigned a grade by the university issuing the degree will not count toward this total.
- If you have an international transcript, whether you are a Canadian or non-Canadian applicant, we strongly encourage you to have your international transcript assessed by World Education Services (WES) if:
- you have not met minimum course number criteria using your Canadian or US data and
- you require inclusion of your international educational data.
- Request a course-by-course evaluation for your international grades. The assessment will not be valid without an overall GPA. However, the Admissions Committee reserves the right to apply their own evaluation.
- WES must send evaluations directly to ORPAS, and must be received by the ORPAS transcript deadline.
- ORPAS will convert grades of courses taken at accredited universities in the US. You do not require a WES evaluation for these courses.
Application Materials: Non‑Academic
These additional application materials provide a more comprehensive impression of you and what you would bring to this program and to the profession. We expect that you have researched the profession of occupational therapy to make an informed career choice. We strongly recommend exposure to the profession of occupational therapy through paid or volunteer work, observational visits or job shadowing in various health care settings.
Responses for the Personal Submissions Section
- You must complete the questions in the “Personal Submissions” section of the ORPAS application.
- Responses to these questions are intended to draw upon your knowledge and general understanding of the profession of occupational therapy.
- While you should attribute factual information to the appropriate reference or source (e.g., citation), we are mostly interested in your individual perspective rather than a lengthy literature/research review.
- We will not provide editing or advisory support as we are interested in your unique perspective based on your education and experience with OT.
- The resumé should be single‑spaced and typed in 11‑point font on 8.5″ x 11″ paper, with 1‑inch margins on all 4 edges, and must be no longer than 2 pages.
- We do not recommend formatting outside of these parameters; we will not consider additional pages.
- Do not include a cover page; this is not necessary and will not be considered if included.
- Do not include personal contact information (e.g., address, email) on the resumé as we expect you will use all of the available space to outline your experience and education, and, if applicable, awards, presentations, publications, interests and skills.
- Upload all resumés in an appropriate electronic file format to your ORPAS application.
- You must submit 2 references using the Confidential Assessment Forms, electronic or paper-based, included in the ORPAS application.
- The referees should be individuals who can address your aptitude for studies in a health care profession.
- We recommend that 1 of the 2 letters come from a referee in academia who has evaluated your academic performance.
- The second letter may also be from an academic source, though we recommend that it come from a professional source who can honestly comment on your ability to succeed in challenging non-academic environments.
- Some examples of a professional reference include volunteer supervisors, research supervisors, OT mentors (via job shadowing), community leaders and experienced health care professionals.
- Ensure your referee is familiar enough with you and your past work to comment on all the available rating categories.
- References from family or friends are not acceptable.
- The referee must submit the Confidential Assessment Form and accompanying reference letter directly to ORPAS.
- If your referee is using the online referee system, request that they use their employer-based or institutional-based email address. We strongly prefer seeing a verifiable email address (e.g., email@example.com) related to their place of employment or association, rather than a free or ad-based email address.
Health Requirements and Police Record Checks
- Although not required for this admission application, you will be required to complete the Rehabilitation Sciences Health Form after acceptance and prior to registration.
- Completing this form requires proof of a tuberculin test in each year of the program and up‑to‑date records of vaccinations for Hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, diphtheria/tetanus and polio, as well as certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at the Health Care Provider (HCP) level.
- You are also expected to provide information about any physical, psychological or learning difficulties that may affect your education in the program. These requirements must be met before you can participate in fieldwork placements.
- Many facilities also require a Police Record Check. We strongly recommend that admitted students obtain a Police Record Check or Vulnerable Sector Screening. We will provide admitted students with information on how best to obtain these verifications prior to orientation in September.
- A fieldwork placement can be cancelled or delayed if you fail to obtain a clear satisfactory Police Record Check or Vulnerable Sector Screening. This may affect your graduation date.
- Contact the Department’s Director of Clinical Education or Program Manager before applying if you have concerns.
Education Outside of Canada
If you completed your education outside of Canada, we advise you to make every attempt possible to obtain official academic records, including a copy of the diploma if you have graduated.
To be considered official, ORPAS must receive academic records directly from the originating institutions. Official documents will be required before any firm offer of admission is made.
You must also submit official English translations, done by a certified translator – either by a certified provincial translator or a translator approved by a Canadian Visa Post abroad – for all non-English documentation.
All official documentation and certified translations must be submitted by the ORPAS transcript deadline.
We may require an interview at the request of the Department’s Admissions Committee. We will use World Education Services (WES) evaluations only as a reference in assessing admission eligibility. Providing a WES evaluation does not replace the requirement for official transcripts. The School of Graduate Studies provides an International Degree Equivalencies Tool online, where you can check to see if you meet the minimum academic requirements to apply.
The MScOT is offered at 2 locations: The University of Toronto Mississauga campus in the City of Mississauga, and the University of Toronto St. George campus in the City of Toronto. We will automatically consider all University of Toronto OT program ORPAS applicants for both campuses. Lectures may be video conferenced between the St. George and Mississauga campuses. All students will have labs, mentorship and study groups at their campus site.
All applicants will receive an online survey where they can indicate their preference for the Mississauga campus, the St. George campus or “no specific campus preference”. For the current application period, we will send the online survey by the end of February and that survey will close in mid-March. We will note the final deadline in the survey notification email. If you are admitted to the program, campus preferences will be considered but they are not guaranteed.
Offers of admission are posted to your ORPAS application, where it will simply show whether you have a University of Toronto MScOT program offer; your ORPAS application will not display your campus assignment. Instead, an email from the Department will state your campus assignment as either UTSG (Toronto St. George campus) or UTM (Mississauga campus), and the package mailed shortly thereafter will have a campus assignment letter.
It is essential that you have a strong command of English.
If English is not your first language and you have not completed a program of study where the language of instruction and examination was English, you must complete an acceptable English-language facility test before an offer can be made. This is a condition of admission and must be met before the earliest date for offers of admission to this program.
This requirement must be satisfied through successfully completing an English proficiency test acceptable to the University of Toronto’s School of Graduate Studies, with minimum acceptable scores as listed therein (with the exception of the TOEFL).
We strongly recommend that you use the TOEFL with a minimum paper‑based score of 600, accompanied by the Test for Written English (TWE) with a minimum score of 5 or a minimum score of 100 on the internet‑based test.
TOEFL candidates should request that results be sent to institution code 0982. Arrange to have the English-language proficiency test scores forwarded by the examining agency directly to the University of Toronto – Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy by March 1, 2021.
If you graduated from a university in a country where the primary language is not English but the medium of instruction and examination at your university was English, arrange for a letter to be sent directly to ORPAS from that institution confirming that the language of instruction and examination at that institution was English.
We require satisfactory English-language facility test results before any firm offer of admission can be made. We may require an interview at the request of the Department’s Admissions Committee.
If you are currently enrolled in, or graduating from, a bilingual French-English or francophone university based in Canada, and are confident in your ability to complete the MScOT program entirely in English, you may email the OT Department to request a written waiver of this testing requirement prior to the ORPAS application deadline.
Notices for All Applicants
Submitting an application to the program implies that you accept the admission policies, procedures and methods by which you are selected. Due to the high application volume, we cannot provide personalized feedback to unsuccessful applicants.
If offered admission in May, you must also consider your campus assignment, which will be delivered by email and regular mail, prior to the offer response deadline. Once assigned to a University of Toronto campus, either at Mississauga or St. George (Toronto), you will remain there for the duration of the MScOT program. Campus assignment is permanent; admitted students may not transfer between campuses under any circumstances.
The admission policies and procedures are under regular review. Although we endeavour to inform you in a timely fashion, we reserve the right to change the admission and registration requirements at any time. We post helpful information to our website throughout the application cycle (October to January).
Accepting an offer of admission to this program requires that you remit a non‑refundable enrollment deposit. We apply the amount of this deposit toward your tuition fees for the coming academic year.
Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy
Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto
160-500 University Avenue
Toronto ON M5G 1V7
Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine
The goal of the University of Toronto MScPT Curriculum is to develop highly competent academic practitioners who will consistently demonstrate the essential competencies of a practicing physical therapist in a wide range of settings upon graduation. Central to this goal is the assumption that graduates will be able to gather and analyze evidence, identify professional issues, practice sound decision-making, exercise good judgment and engage in best practices as well as lifelong learning.
Our graduates will practice in unique and complex situations that demand insight and understanding of conflicting values and a variety of ethical stances in social, cultural and organizational contexts. They will develop confidence, competence and ethical sensitivity toward individuals and groups, and demonstrate these attributes in their clinical practice.
To achieve our goal, we have revised the mission of the MScPT program. Our shared educational values of the educators and learners consist of 3 foundational pillars:
- Critical thinking
- An inquiry mindset
- A strong sense of professionalism
Critical thinking is the ability to interpret, integrate, analyze and evaluate various forms of knowledge to make judgments/inferences in order to make the best evidence-informed decisions for clients, families and communities. The diverse knowledge we draw on includes clinical and life sciences, humanities and social sciences, and global and indigenous knowledge. Critical thinking requires you to embrace ambiguity and to reflect and make changes to yourself and your practice. A critical thinker is receptive to new ideas and ways of thinking, challenges conventional practices and will innovate new ones.
An inquiry mindset is characterized by taking initiative to access relevant information and viewpoints. This mindset equips you to strive for the highest level of competence by employing the habits of mind needed to succeed throughout your professional careers. Habits of mind that support an inquiry mindset include self-directed and lifelong learning, flexibility in thinking, creativity and innovation, and persistence and resilience in the face of difficulties.
Professionalism means acting with integrity and respect, demonstrating leadership within and outside the profession and working toward the development of a physical therapy identity that reflects these core values. We are committed to principles of equity and diversity. This means implementing a process where you are engaged in learning to become systemic advocates for the clients, families and diverse communities that we serve.
Based on these values, our goal is to graduate academic physical therapy practitioners who will demonstrate:
- Critical-thinking Skills
We define critical thinking as encompassing 3 distinct but related domains of:
- Clinical reasoning
- Critical appraisal
- Critical reflexivity
- An Inquiry Mindset
- Having a flexible and open mind to learning new knowledge
- Taking initiative in their learning
- Being self-directed in their learning
- Acting as self-regulating professionals who exhibit strong personal, moral and ethical values
- Being cognizant of the changing laws, codes and guidelines that impact themselves and their clients
- Being creative entrepreneurs with sound business acumen capable of excelling in professional practice in a wide variety of venues
Nature of the Teaching and Learning Environment
Based on the revised educational mission of the MScPT program and the 3 overarching pillars, we aim to generate a teaching and learning environment that consists of the following specific values and actions.
The learning environment will enable learners to:
- Embrace complexity
- Deal with uncertainty
- Develop and practice resilience and perseverance
Instructors will develop a teaching environment to facilitate learning by modeling these educational values:
- Cultivating a supportive learning environment
- Providing opportunities for creativity and innovation
- Supporting and challenging the learners
- Using a common language to explain our educational values (e.g., critical thinking, integration and inquiry mindset)
- Ensuring our shared language reflects our educational values
- Integrating diverse content and practice settings
- Supporting learners with diverse learning needs through multimodal teaching and learning methods
- Creating and using authentic cases
In addition, the MScPT program integrates:
Clinical and Foundational Sciences
We provide opportunities to integrate knowledge from both the clinical and foundational sciences in order to understand and apply the concepts of evidence-based practice. You learn to utilize the concepts and applications in the context of the changing health care system. We place an emphasis on movement, which occurs on a continuum from the microscopic level to the level of the individual in society. Movement is influenced by lifespan. Both the client and the physical therapy delivered are affected by human development, growth and the aging process.
Scientific inquiry skills and the integration of evidence-based principles into clinical decision making are fundamental in the Curriculum. You develop your critical analysis and problem-solving skills, and your ability to integrate information from empirical and scientific literature and practical experience. Physical therapy is practiced across a continuum of care where therapeutics are delivered in acute, rehabilitative, chronic and community settings to address impairments, disabilities and, in some instances, handicaps. You are able to render sound clinical judgments and to continually evaluate your findings and therapeutic approaches.
Professionalism and Interprofessional Education
You learn and develop the skills essential to become health care professionals. We emphasize professional values, responsibility, accountability, sensitivity and ethical attitudes toward both the consumer and health care community. We foster the development of effective verbal and written communication throughout the program. You learn to evaluate and consider the implications of your professional actions. We provide you with opportunities to have interprofessional mentoring, learn from faculty from diverse disciplines and interact with small groups of interprofessional students in the clinical setting.
Multiple Educational Strategies
Professional education requires you to engage in diverse and varying learning experiences and types of evaluation. The complexity of the learning experiences evolves throughout the program. Students are also encouraged to develop a sense of responsibility for their education and professional development. We foster collaborative learning experiences with students, faculty, physical therapy practitioners and other members of the health care system.
The MScPT Curriculum is designed to integrate physical therapy practices, research and internship components. It is organized into 14 units to maximize educational principles. Five major themes are integral to the Curriculum. Educational strategies for the program will include lectures, seminars, tutorials, laboratories, case-based learning, simulation, active clinical exposure sessions, integrated sessions and clinical internships. We have also integrated an enhanced research component into the Curriculum. You are required to take all units.
The “Essential Skills and Attributes Required for the Study of Physical Therapy/Physiotherapy” document, created by the Ontario Council of University Programs in Rehabilitation Sciences (OCUPRS), contains information on the skills and attributes required to successfully complete a university program in physical therapy. We encourage you to review this document carefully prior to applying for a graduate degree in physical therapy.
Susan Jaglal, PhD, FCAHS, Professor and Interim Chair
Sharon Switzer-McIntyre, BPE, BScPT, MEd, PhD, Associate Professor, MScPT Program Director, Program Director, OIEPB Program
Courses of Instruction
Course Code, Grades and Weights
Note: “H/P/FZ” stands for “Honours/Pass/Fail”.
|PHT 1101H||Clinical Foundations of Physical Therapy||Grade||0.50|
|PHT 1102Y||Physical Therapy Practice I||Grade||3.00|
|PHT 1103Y||Physical Therapy Practice II||Grade||3.00|
|PHT 1104Y||Physical Therapy Practice III||Grade||3.00|
|PHT 1105Y||Clinical Internship I||(H/P/FZ)||0.75|
|PHT 1106H||Advanced Critical Thinking in Physical Therapy||Grade||0.50|
|PHT 1107H||Scholarly Practice I||Grade||0.50|
|PHT 1108Y||Clinical Internship II||(H/P/FZ)||0.75|
|PHT 1109Y||Clinical Internship III||(H/P/FZ)||0.75|
|PHT 1110Y||Physical Therapy Practice IV||Grade||3.00|
|PHT 1111H||Selected Topics in Physical Therapy||Grade||0.50|
|PHT 1112Y||Clinical Internship IV||(H/P/FZ)||0.75|
|PHT 1113Y||Scholarly Practice II||Grade||1.00|
|PHT 1114Y||Clinical Internship V||(H/P/FZ)||0.75|
Note: “B-” (70%) is a passing grade for MScPT students.
PT Admission Requirements
In addition to the listed requirements, you may apply if you have permanent residency (are a landed immigrant) or hold Canadian citizenship.
Undergraduate Student Applicants
You must have completed an appropriate bachelor’s degree with high academic standing from a recognized university.
While the grade point average (GPA) cut-off varies from year to year, the cut-off for the 2019-2020 cycle was 3.78. Programs that lead to degrees in almost any discipline (e.g., liberal arts and science) are acceptable.
You may apply for admission during your fourth year of university study, provided you have fulfilled the prerequisite course requirements as outlined. If you are applying in the final year of a 4-year degree program, you must provide proof of degree conferral prior to enrollment in the Physical Therapy program, and no later than June 30, 2021.
We calculate your GPA based on your last 10 full-course equivalents (FCEs) of university academic study (i.e., the equivalent of 10 full courses or 20 half courses) completed by December 31 of the application year, and will include:
- Failed university courses taken beyond the 4‑year undergraduate degree
Due to the discrepancy in grade reporting across universities, to capture 10 FCEs, the GPA must be calculated based on yearly versus term grades. Thus, where grades must be extracted from a year to achieve the equivalent of 10 FCEs, we will use the average of that entire year (including both the fall and winter terms).
We will not include activity courses, non‑convertible grades (including “Pass” and “Credit”), and Consecutive Bachelor of Education (BEd) undergraduate degree courses in this calculation. Review the How to Apply section of the Department’s website and the GPA Calculations page of the ORPAS Application Guide for full details on courses that are not included in the sub-GPA calculation. If a course is repeated, and both the original course and the repeated course are within the last 20 half courses, then we will use the grades from both courses in the GPA calculation.
GPA varies from school to school and the GPA ORPAS provides may not be equivalent to the GPA at your academic institution. ORPAS uses the Undergraduate Grade Conversion Table to process your GPA. Review this table for details on the conversion scale used in this process.
The School of Graduate Studies requires that all applicants to a master’s level program have at least a mid‑“B” average or better in the final year (i.e., 5 FCEs at the senior level). The mid‑“B” average is a minimum requirement and a higher GPA based on the last 10 FCEs completed will be required to be competitive in the admission process.
Note: For us to consider your application, you must complete at least 10 FCEs at a recognized university. Transfer credits from the college level that have not been assigned a grade by the university issuing the degree will not count toward this total.
Graduate Student Applicants
We usually asses you on your last 10 FCEs completed by December 31 of the application year, including both undergraduate and graduate courses. You are required to have a minimum of a mid‑“B” average in all graduate courses, as per regulations set by our School of Graduate Studies.
Note: This is a minimum requirement, and a higher GPA based on the last 10 FCEs completed will be required to be competitive in the admission process, as outlined. If you are completing/have completed a graduate degree, we will otherwise consider you in the exact same manner as all other applicants.
Applicants who Graduated from a Non‑Canadian University
If you completed your education outside of Canada, you may apply if you have permanent residency (are a landed immigrant) or hold Canadian citizenship. You must apply in the same manner as all other applicants.
To be considered, originating institutions must send official academic records directly to ORPAS. We may use photocopies of academic records to process an application, but we will require official documents before making any firm offer of admission. You must also submit official English translations, completed by a certified translator, for all non‑English documentation.
All requirements for applicants within this population are the same as within the Undergraduate Student Applicants’ section. Review this information for degree and grade requirements. We will evaluate transcripts for equivalency. We will assess transcript equivalency only through the application process.
To facilitate this process, we strongly encourage you to contact World Education Services (WES) to evaluate foreign credentials. You are responsible for incurred costs. We will use WES evaluations only as a reference in assessing admission eligibility.
WES evaluations are not mandatory, and we will not penalize you if you do not submit a WES evaluation. If you utilize WES and have original documents sent to WES, original documents from the originating institution (i.e., your home university) must still be sent to ORPAS.
You must demonstrate facility in the English language if you completed your undergraduate degree outside Canada, English is not your primary language and/or you graduated from a university where English was not the language of instruction and examination. You must demonstrate facility in the English language through successfully completing the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), with minimum scores, as follows:
- Paper‑based test: 600 with 5 on the TWE and 50 on the TSE
- Internet‑based test: 100/120 overall and 22/30 on the Writing and Speaking sections
Alternatively, the School of Continuing Studies, University of Toronto, offers the “Academic English” certificate, whereby a minimum grade of “B+” in Level 60 meets the English-language facility requirement.
All official English facility test results must be forwarded to the Department of Physical Therapy by March 1, 2021. English facility test results are valid for 2 years.
Note: Internationally educated physical therapists who successfully complete the national Canadian Physiotherapy Competency Examination (with the exception of individuals licensed to practice in Quebec) and are licensed for independent practice in Canada with a provincial regulating body may be eligible for our MScPT Advanced Standing Option.
Internationally educated physical therapists who are not licensed for independent practice in Canada are not considered for admission to the MScPT program.
The first step for internationally educated physiotherapists who wish to practice in Canada is to apply to the Canadian Alliance of Physiotherapy Regulators for an assessment of their educational qualifications. We do not consider internationally educated physiotherapists who are credentialed as having a degree that is substantially equivalent to a Canadian entry‑to‑practice degree for admission to the MScPT program.
If you are interested in bridging the gaps identified in The Alliance credential review or preparing for the Physiotherapy Competency Examination, read more about the Internationally Educated Physiotherapists Bridging program.
You must have earned a minimum grade of “B-” (or 70%) in all prerequisite courses, as per the grade recorded on the transcript.
Note: We will not count your prerequisite course grades in your GPA calculation unless they are within the last 10 FCEs you completed.
All applicants are required to complete:
- 0.5 FCE (e.g., 1 half course) in human physiology.
- The course should cover the principles of human physiology, including the living cell; the internal environment; neuro-muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal and endocrine systems; metabolism; reproduction; and homeostasis.
- Plant physiology will not be accepted, nor will a combined animal/plant physiology course. (Combined human anatomy/physiology courses are acceptable as long as you have 1 FCE.)
- Human physiology courses must be verified by the Department of Physical Therapy.
- Use the Department of Physical Therapy’s website to verify that your human physiology, human anatomy and statistics/research methods courses are approved by the Department of Physical Therapy.
- Email Student Services if the course you would like to use is not listed on the Department’s website.
- 0.5 FCE (e.g., 1 half course) in human anatomy.
- Course content must be comprehensive, covering gross anatomy of the human musculoskeletal, visceral and neurological systems. (Combined human anatomy/physiology courses are acceptable as long as you have 1 FCE.)
- Human anatomy courses must be verified by the Department of Physical Therapy.
- Use the Department of Physical Therapy’s website to verify that your human physiology, human anatomy and statistics/research methods courses are approved by the Department of Physical Therapy.
- Email Student Services if the course you would like to use is not listed on the Department’s website.
- 1.0 FCE (or 2 half courses) in life and/or physical sciences.
- Examples of life sciences include anatomy, biology, basic medical sciences and pathology.
- Examples of physical sciences include chemistry, physics, geology, physical geography, etc.
- 1.0 FCE (or 2 half courses) in social sciences and/or humanities and/or languages.
- Examples of social sciences include anthropology, political science, economics, sociology and psychology.
- Examples of humanities include history, religion, philosophy, classics, English, etc.
- Examples of languages include French, Italian, Spanish, etc.
- 0.5 FCE (e.g., 1 half course) in statistics or research methods.
- Statistics courses that may be acceptable include basic statistics, psychology statistics, geography statistics, kinesiology statistics, biometrics and quantitative research methods.
- Calculus in itself is not acceptable as a statistics course, and statistics content in other courses does not meet the requirement.
- Statistics/research methods courses must be verified by the Department of Physical Therapy.
You must complete all prerequisite courses at the university undergraduate degree level. You must have completed all prerequisite courses within the last 7 years, or no earlier than September 2014, and no later than May 31, 2021. We accept web‑based and distance education courses, provided that they are at the university undergraduate degree level.
You must complete the prerequisite section of the application.
- You are required to include a URL that links to an online course description from the university academic calendar.
- It is acceptable to include a link to a large PDF of the entire academic calendar.
- Include the page number the course is located on at the end of the link (leave a space and then enter “pg x”).
- All Canadian universities offer an “archived calendar” section on their website and you are encouraged to use the archived calendar from the year you took the course if you cannot find the course in the current academic calendar.
In a small number of cases, applicants may not be able to provide a link to an online course description. If this applies to you, then you are required to upload a copy of your detailed course descriptions directly to ORPAS using Secure Applicant Messaging.
Course descriptions should not exceed 3 pages. Include your full name on the paperwork. ORPAS will forward the documentation to your university/program choice(s).
You must submit 2 references, 1 professional and 1 academic, using the ORPAS Confidential Assessment Forms in the application.
Both referees should be individuals who can address your aptitude for studies in a health profession. References from family members and friends are unacceptable. Referees must submit the forms directly to ORPAS at the OUAC.
You are required to complete the CASPer online situational judgement test in order to maintain admissibility to the MScPT program. CASPer evaluates personal and professional characteristics that we believe are important for success in our program and as a practicing clinician.
The test consists of 12 sections and is composed of open-ended questions that measure soft skills such as communication, ethics and empathy. We intend to use CASPer to enhance our existing admission requirements by providing an additional layer of equity and objectivity to the selection process. You can complete CASPer on any computer with reliable internet, audio capabilities and a webcam, from a location of your choice. We strongly recommend a quiet environment.
We strongly discourage preparatory courses as a way to study for this test, although you may wish to read the information on how to prepare for the test and review the structure of the test from the CASPer website.
- You must add the MScPT program at the University of Toronto to your distribution list for the admission office to receive your CASPer score.
- Additionally, you need to add your ORPAS/OUAC Reference Number to your CASPer account after you have submitted your application to ORPAS.
- Failure to follow these instructions may result in your disqualification from the admission process.
Computer Administered Profile
We invite only the top applicants to write the Computer Administered Profile (CAP). We will notify you by email with additional details if you are invited to write the CAP.
- The CAP is a 2‑hour evaluation with a set of short‑ and long‑answer questions.
- The CAP is designed to assess personal characteristics/attributes, life experiences, knowledge of the profession, critical thinking and problem‑solving skills.
- The CAP is not a personal profile, nor is it an MCAT‑type exam for which you can study.
Typical questions will explore your understanding of the profession and your ability to problem solve. We base enrollment selection on a combination of CASPer score, academic preparation and sub-GPA, prerequisites, reference letters and CAP score. Review the Department of Physical Therapy website for full details.
The 2‑year program is designed to prepare you for entry‑to‑practice competency in physical therapy and is both academically and physically challenging. The program requires full‑time study and you must ensure that you are capable of being a full‑time student. The program does not allow for deferrals of admission.
Registration to Practice
Registration to practice physical therapy is required in all provinces and territories. Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland require that all applicants for licensure have passed the Physiotherapy Competency Examination, which includes both written and clinical components.
Upon successful completion of the Physical Therapy program at the University of Toronto, you may apply to the Canadian Alliance of Physiotherapy Regulators to take this examination.
Physiotherapy Education Accreditation Canada (PEAC) Accreditation
The Master of Science in Physical Therapy program at the University of Toronto has completed the accreditation review process administered by PEAC.
PEAC is an incorporated body under the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act and operates as the accrediting agency for physiotherapy education programs in Canada. The status of Accreditation – Fully Compliant was granted to the program until April 30, 2022. A description of Accreditation – Fully Compliant follows.
|Accreditation – Fully Compliant|
|STUDENTS – IMPORTANT TO NOTE|
More details regarding the definitions of the levels of accreditation are available at www.peac-aepc.ca/english/accreditation/levels-of-accreditation.php or by contacting Physiotherapy Education Accreditation Canada, Suite 26, 509 Commissioners Road West, London, Ontario, N6J 1Y5, (226) 636-0632, www.peac-aepc.ca
If you are admitted to the program, we will communicate registration procedures to you that will include an immunization record that must be completed in full. It requests information about tuberculosis and other chest diseases, Hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, diphtheria/tetanus and polio. Evidence of a tuberculin test is required prior to registration.
Upon entry to the program, you are also required to provide a copy of a valid certificate in standard first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at the Basic Rescuer (C) level. These courses are generally taken between August 1 of the year you are accepted and the first day of class.
All requirements must be met so you can participate in clinical practice.
After accepting an offer of admission to this program, you are required to make a non‑refundable enrollment deposit to the Student Accounts Office. We apply the amount of this deposit toward your fees for the coming academic year. We will provide detailed instructions with the offer of admission package.
Police Record Checks
Some sites (e.g., school boards, community care employers) require that employees, including students, have a completed Police Record Check prior to the start of the clinical internship.
Being assigned to placements at these locations will require you to complete and submit the results of a Vulnerable Sector Check or Police Record Check, at your own expense. We will inform you if this check is necessary prior to the beginning of the placement.
Failure to obtain a satisfactory Police Record Check may result in an alternative or delayed placement and may affect your graduation date.
Department of Physical Therapy
Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto
Rehabilitation Sciences Building
160‑500 University Avenue
Toronto ON M5G 1V7