OLSAS – GPA Calculations

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Undergraduate Academic Record

The Ontario law schools receive applications from applicants who attended universities with various grading systems. The admissions committees at the law schools attempt to give each applicant equal consideration. The OLSAS Undergraduate Grading System Conversion Table is used to compile academic records in a uniform manner and equate the various grading systems.

Where both letter and percentage grades are reported on the transcript, the percentage grade will be used. Exception: For the University of British Columbia, use letter grades for all course work after May 1991.

Only university undergraduate credit courses from Canadian and American universities are included in the OLSAS grade point average (GPA). Diploma and certificate programs are not usually included.

Using the Conversion Table

OLSAS uses a 4.0 scale. See the OLSAS Undergraduate Grading System Conversion Table to determine the grading scale used for each university that you attended/are attending.

The law schools equate university work on the basis of the Ontario traditional academic year system. For universities operating in the semester system, 2 semesters are combined as the equivalent of an academic year. (i.e., semesters 1 and 2 are combined for first year; semesters 3 and 4 for second year). Co-op semesters are grouped similarly.

Note: Each law school may use a different GPA than is calculated by OLSAS in the undergraduate academic record, based on their own admission criteria. Refer to the requirements section for each law school in the OLSAS application for more information.

Where a grading system uses both letter and percentage grades, the percentage grades are used. All courses and marks, including failures, incomplete, repeated, supplementary courses, and courses extra to degree requirements, are included in the GPA.

The GPA does not include “challenge for credit” courses. Courses for which a specific grade is not given (e.g., a “Pass” course) are not included in the GPA.

Grades from countries other than Canada and the US are processed as non-convertible. The application will be forwarded for evaluation to the institution(s) you applied to.

Full courses are given a weight of 2. Half courses are given a weight of 1.

The cumulative average is calculated by OLSAS by adding all of the course lengths and converted grades, and dividing the total course lengths into the total OLSAS values from the conversion table. Note: The cumulative average is not an “average of the averages”.

Verification Report Legend

Duration F – you have the equivalent of a minimum of 3 full-time courses or 6 half courses. 2 consecutive semesters are grouped together as “full time”.

Duration H – for attendance in a single semester, minimum 3 half courses.

Duration S – used to group all courses taken as part-time, summer school and/or intersession in a particular calendar year.

Graduate Academic Record

Each law school uses their own admission criteria to review and assess applicants’ graduate study academic records.

For more information, refer to the requirements section for each law school in the OLSAS application or contact the law schools directly.